University Blog 2.0


Showcase Sites
Team Renewal
Intellectual Conservative
PoliticsIowa.com

Weekly Weblog
No Runny Eggs

This is the personal weblog of Aakash Raut, established Sept. 2002. It will cover current affairs, worldwide & national topics, local & university events, and provide insight and commentary on contemporary issues and the news from his perspective. Enjoy!

---------------
ARCHIVES
Sept 2002 - Now
-------------
    follow me on Twitter

    - - - - -


    I support Michelle Malkin!

    E-mail - uisconservative-at-yahoo

    About Aakash

    University Blog's RSS feed: Syndicate this blog or follow it in your aggregator!

    Search4RSS - University Blog

    Help me out by shopping at Amazon.com!



    My Amazon.com Wish List
    My Wish List


    My Amazon.com Store

    SUPPORT OUR TROOPS!

    Operation Home Front
    Any Soldier
    Soldier's Angels
    Wounded Warrior Project
    Adopt a Platoon
    Operation Military Pride
    Operation Dear Abby
    Operation Prayer Shield
    Operation Homefront
    Operation Uplink
    Operation AC
    Operation Gratitude
    Operation Hero Miles
    USO Care Packages

    Virtual 'Thank You' Card
    Locate VA Facilities - Volunteer!

    Presidential Prayer Team

    Pray for President Bush

    Hometown Hero:
    Support Maj. Schmidt!
    Maj. Harry Schmidt



    Spc. Michael New

    Operation Truth
    Iraq War Veterans
    Gulf War Vets
    NGWRC
    CNSI
    SFTT
    Military.com
    MilitaryWorld.com
    The Military Coalition
    CitizenSoldier.org
    Veterans Help Network
    Disabled American Veterans
    VNIS

    Take a Soldier to the Movies

    Best of the Blog
    On War
    Antiwar Conservative - An archive of my pre-war entries on foreign policy


    DR. SAM FRANCIS
    (1947 - 2005)

    Save the Chief!


    UIS College Republicans

    Christian Student Fellowship


    Good List
    Congressman Coble (R-NC)
    Bad List
    Mark Foley
    Sacco + Vanzetti


    My Fellow Bloggists

    blogs4God

    Blogs for Terri

    Pro-Life Blogs

    American Bloggers for Inclusive Debates

    US out! of the UN Blogroll

    Save the GOP

    Don Bendell - new!

    Sounding the Trumpet*

    Google Adsense Referral News

    - new!

    Campus Nonsense*

    Campus Conservatives

    Airstrip One*

    Stand Down

    Spartan Spectator

    Hoosier Review

    Illini Girl*

    Izzy Lyman*

    John Rabe*

    Jon Swift - new!

    Scott Tibbs

    Old Right Pundits

    Cory Burnell*

    Rebel Alliance*

    Arklahomboy*

    Right Ho!

    Allison Kasic*

    Samantha Burns*

    Paul Cella*

    In the Agora

    Joshua Claybourn

    Paul Musgrave


    Deux Ego

    Owen Courreges*

    Patrick Carver*

    Conservative Observer

    Spoons Experience*

    The Boileryard*

    Blue State Conservatives

    Coalition Against Illegal Immigration

    Dan Flynn

    Students Against Durbin*

    Peoria Pundit*

    Downstate Pundit

    IlliniPundit

    ILLINOIZE

    John C. Bambenek

    Acton Gorton

    Belligerent Bunny*

    eTalkingHead*

    Adrianne Truett*

    Angela Wittman

    The American Mind*

    Argghhh!!! *

    The Rattler*

    Res Ipsa Loquitur

    Daryl Cobranchi*

    Twenty Something*

    Adam's Thoughts*

    Drew Hibbard

    Matt + Heather*

    Tom Roeser

    Tom Gillespie

    Child of Reagan

    Glaivester*

    Stop the ACLU

    Radical Cowboys*

    The Red Pill

    Right Wing Conspirator*

    Absit Invidia*

    Southern Loyalist*

    Black Confederate

    States' Rights Review

    League of the South

    North of Center

    To Whom it May Concern*

    Beautiful Feet

    Belief Seeking Understanding*

    Religious Left Watch

    After Abortion

    Breaking All the Rules

    EtherZone blog

    ESR blog

    Chronicles blog

    Mises blog

    Antiwar.com blog*

    Mike Ewens*

    STR blog

    Liberty & Power

    PaleoBlog*

    Sounding the Shallows*

    Thrasymachus Online

    Steve Sturm

    Right & Wrong

    Kevin Michael Grace

    Read JDM

    HARD RIGHT

    Back Home Again

    The Flagship Log

    Lonewacko

    View from the Right

    Independent Country*

    A Republic, if you can keep it

    Right Wing News

    Midwest Conservative Journal

    ConservativeHQ.com

    Conservative Booknotes

    Libertarian Rant

    Live Free or Die

    Samizdata

    Adam Smith Institute

    IHS LibertyGuide

    Rational Review

    Wendy McElroy

    Gene Healy

    Serfdom Times

    Jeff Trigg*

    Bruno Behrend*

    Greg Griffith

    John Tabin

    Champaign Media Watch*

    David Weigel

    John LeBoutiller

    Rolling Barrage*

    GOP Bloggers*

    Nat'l Review Corner

    TG's Political Wire

    Angry Clam

    Jason Wall

    John Wentz

    Josiah Mackenzie

    Vessel of Honour*

    Greg Pulver*

    Eric McErlain*

    Baseball Crank

    Liam Moran*

    Matthew Edgar*

    Andrew Olmsted

    Jacob Grier*

    Dave Munger*

    John Norris Brown*

    John Adams

    Chris Burgwald

    Washington Republicans

    Reductio Ad Absurdum*

    Fuzzy Couch

    Thinklings

    Carmon Friedrich*

    LadyDusk

    The BadgerMum*

    Cassandra Page*

    Dead Yet Living

    Bloggedy Blog*

    Darrell Dow

    Dr. George Grant

    Birch Blog

    ParaPundit

    Michelle Malkin

    Smallest Minority

    This Classical Life

    Chrome Duck Overdrive

    Mark Byron

    Mark Horne

    Radley Balko

    Steve Sailer

    Lyn Nofziger

    Howard Phillips

    John R. Lott

    Stephen Bainbridge

    Richard Poe

    Bad Eagle

    Vox Day

    Gray Falcon

    Oscar Jr.*

    Robert Prather

    Dizzy Girl*

    Medic Mom

    The Patriette*

    Electric Venom

    Amy Ridenour

    American Kernel

    Right on the Right

    Heretical Ideas

    Six Meat Buffet

    Right-Wing & Right Minded*

    Stephan Kinsella

    Western Mercury

    Gutless Pacifist

    The Art of Peace*

    Alina Stefanescu

    Franklin Harris*

    Jesse Walker

    Jeremy Lott

    Honest to Blog*

    Conservative Rebel*

    California Conservative

    Louisiana Conservative

    Oklahoma Conservative

    Oregon Commentator

    Brothers Judd

    Dissecting Leftism

    Catallaxy Files

    Catallarchy.net*

    Atlantic Blog

    Tim Swanson*

    CoolParty.us

    Michael O'Shea

    Kevin Holtsberry

    Right Minded

    Man Sized Target

    Interested Participant*

    Bush Blog

    Insignificant Thoughts

    Signifying Nothing*

    Jaws Blog

    Republican Voices

    The O'Hara Factor*

    Flaming Duck*

    Outside the Beltway*

    Parkway Rest Stop

    Accidental Jedi*

    Jen's History and Stuff

    Military Sound-Off

    Mudville Gazette*

    Stryker Brigade News

    Baldilocks*

    David MSC

    Chapomatic

    Arimus

    Diary of the Blue Ridge

    Acid Ink

    Daniel Root

    Christian Bowman

    Seamole's Log*

    Erick Erickson*

    Eric Langborgh

    Boots and Sabers

    Pardon My English

    Right on Race

    McGehee Zone

    ConservaThink*

    Sobering Thoughts

    No Watermelons

    Ben Kaminar*

    Ben Shapiro*

    View from 1776

    Broken Masterpieces*

    Reagan's Children

    Liberty Zone

    Lead and Gold

    John Ellis

    Joyful Christian

    Junkyard Blog

    Saddam Hussein

    Talking Points Memo

    WeltansBlog

    The American Scene

    Nel Mezzo

    Why Liberals Suck

    Republican Research Council

    RightNation.us

    Huffington Post

    VodkaPundit

    LiarPundit

    Best of the Web (WSJ)

    Overlawyered

    Online Learning Update

    Matthew Muller

    Sometimes, you just feel like a character on 24... If not Jack, then perhaps Edgar, or Chloe...







    blogarama - the blog directory


    In the Area

    Illinois Review
    RFFM News
    Extreme Wisdom*
    Capitol Fax
    IL Policy Institute
    Illinois Forum
    ICRC
    IL Church Action
    Family Taxpayers Network
    GunsSaveLife.com
    Immigration Reform
    IFRL
    IL GOP Assembly
    IL RLC
    IL YRs
    IL RYP
    United Republican Fund


    My Church
    Living Word Fellowship Ministries

    LINKS

    Intellectual Conservative*

    World Net Daily

    AntiWar.com

    LewRockwell.com

    EtherZone

    Ever Vigilant

    TownHall.com

    NewsMax

    CNS News

    American Reformation Project

    Sierra Times

    News with Views

    Conservative Battleline

    Conservative Voice*

    Conservative Nest

    Conservatarian.org

    Republicans for Humility

    Free Republic

    Washington Dispatch

    Virtue Magazine

    Conservative Truth

    For the Cause

    Charles Goyette

    Dave Black Online

    Lady Liberty

    Strike the Root

    INTL-NEWS.com

    Liberty Vault

    Liberty Coalition

    Breaking All the Rules

    Original Dissent

    VDare

    Men's News Daily

    American Daily*

    Starr Journal

    Capitol Hill Journal

    Capitol Hill CoffeeHouse

    Rightgrrl!

    Share the Truth

    Fountain of Truth

    Price of Liberty

    Citizens' Lobby

    DixieInternet.com*

    Dixie Daily News

    Aw, Shucks*

    Silverback Standard

    The Conservative Caucus: eagle logo
    The Conservative Caucus

    The American Conservative

    Chronicles Magazine

    Human Events

    Insight Magazine

    The New American

    The American Enterprise

    The American Partisan

    In the National Interest

    The National Interest

    The Dissident

    City Journal

    Policy Review

    Empire Journal

    College Conservative

    Campus Magazine

    The Last Ditch

    TheRant.us

    RightNation.us

    RightSided

    In Liberty & Freedom

    Rational Review

    Liberty for All

    Friends of Liberty

    NonInterventionist.com

    Neocons Bad

    Occupation Watch

    Downing Street Memo

    PokerFace

    Michael Savage

    Mark Dankof

    David Salder

    Rip Rense

    Devvy Kidd

    Tom Flocco

    Jacques Tucker

    Roy Moore

    Reed Heustis

    Ezola Foster

    Terry Anderson

    Jewish Dude with a Conservative Attitude

    Ross Perot Charts

    Chuck Muth

    Allan Wall

    Frosty Wooldrige

    Bob Barr

    Linda Tripp!

    Carolyn Gargaro

    Ilana Mercer

    Bill Sardi

    Jason Vickers

    Maurice's BBQ

    Sam Francis

    Pete Celano

    Dave Kopel

    John Lott

    Tom McClintock

    Brooke Adams

    Bill O'Reilly

    Rabbi Spero

    J.M. Wallace

    Taki

    Vermont Guardian

    Dixie Outfitters

    Huntsville Chronicle

    Conservative Brotherhood

    Issues & Views

    Lincoln Review

    BlackElectorate.com

    Human Life Review

    America's Voices

    Free Conservatives

    Conservatives Against Bush

    Republicans Against Bush

    Bush Revealed

    Your Christian President

    the New Pantagruel

    Boundless

    Relevant

    Credenda

    Chasing Hats

    Vision Forum

    American Vision

    Christian Underground

    Good News, etc.

    Trumpet America*

    Where the Truth Hurts

    Christian WebSite

    True.Origin Archive

    Jews for Morality

    Islam Review

    Islam Commentaries

    RenewAmerica.us

    Banner of Liberty

    GrassFire.org

    Supressed News

    World Affairs Brief

    Capitol Hill Blue

    Spinsanity

    Campus Activist

    Citizens for a Constitutional Republic

    Junto Society

    Bush Country

    ToTheSource News

    TruthNews

    Talon News

    Page One Daily

    Duke's Global Links*

    Conservative Camp

    ConservativeNews.us

    JanicekOnline.us*

    Underground Notes

    American Daughter

    Beltway Blitz

    Collegiate Patriot

    Patriot Post

    Wake Up America!

    The Compass

    RightTurns.com

    You Don't Say

    TYSK News

    Freedom Writer

    Freedom Site

    Freedom Forever

    HundredPercenterNews

    Suppressed News

    Jefferson Review

    Republic Broadcasting Network

    America First Radio

    American Destiny

    Premier Speakers

    Bureaucrash

    Cultureshock TV

    The Backlash!

    Angry Harry

    Gun Owners of America - GOA - The no-compromise alternative to the NRA!!
    GOA

    JPFO

    EnviroTruth

    Crafted with Pride

    Amer. Economic Alert

    How to Buy American

    Today's American Dream

    American Patrol

    The American Resistance

    Numbers USA
    Send Immigration Views to Congress - Free faxing from NumbersUSA

    Project USA

    Balance.org

    Desert Invasion

    Stein Report

    Latino Americans

    Fair Immigration

    Asian-American Politics

    Outsource Congress

    Not Dead Yet

    Euthanasia.com

    Project 33

    BlackGenocide.org

    March Together

    GOP USA

    Stop Democrats

    Nat'l Republican Assemblies

    GOP Liberty Caucus

    Republican Issues Campaign

    Vote Republican Net

    Republican Research

    America First Party

    American Founding Fathers Party

    Constitution Party of IL

    Drudge Report

    Hush Bimbo

    Capitol Fax

    Illinois Issues

    ILSenate.com

    Politics1.com

    Real Clear Politics

    Roll Call

    Larry Sabato

    Political Oddsmaker

    Political Graveyard

    Congressional BadBoys

    Yahoo! | Ask.com
    Yahoo Mail | GMail
    Facebook | MySpace
    eBay | craigslist

    Search Engine Watch

    Fight the neocons!... Use LewRockwell.com every day!!


    Watchers
    Left Watch
    Court Watch
    PC Watch
    Green Watch
    MarxWatch
    UN Watch
    Genocide Watch
    Warblogger Watch
    Occupation Watch
    Patriot Act Watch
    Marriage Watch
    Sully Watch
    Hillary Watch
    Hillary Watch
    Bush Watch
    GOP Betrayal
    CAGW
    FactCheck.org
    Truth in Media
    Accuracy in Media


    Presidential Candidates


    COLUMNISTS

    Chris Adamo
    Jeff Adams
    Dr. Mike Adams

    Diane Alden
    W. James Antle III
    Rev. Chuck Baldwin
    Doug Bandow
    J. Matt Barber
    Bill Barnwell
    Dave Barry
    Bruce Bartlett
    Michael Bates
    Bryanna Bevens
    Dave Black
    Burton S. Blumert
    Alan Bock
    Boortz
    Trevor Bothwell
    James Atticus Bowden
    Peter Brimelow
    John Norris Brown
    Harry Browne
    Pat Buchanan
    William F. Buckley
    Tucker Carlson
    Phil Carter
    Alan Caruba
    Doug Casey
    Steve Chapman
    Jane Chastain
    Alexander Cockburn
    Ann Coulter
    Judson Cox
    Paul Crespo
    Vox Day
    Arnaud de Borchgrave
    John Derbyshire
    Lou Dobbs
    John Doggett
    Jon Dougherty
    Steve Dunleavy
    Pete DuPont
    Bobby Eberle
    Larry Elder
    Robert Klein Engler
    Bonnie Erbe
    Jerry Falwell
    Joseph Farah
    Steve Farrell
    Don Feder
    Robert Fisk
    Thomas Fleming
    Tom Flocco
    Sam Francis
    R. Freedman
    Dan Frisa
    Michael Fumento
    Maggie Gallagher
    Joe Galloway
    Bill Gertz
    Georgie Anne Geyer
    James Glaser
    Julia Gorin
    Paul Gottfried
    Michael Graham
    Joe Guzzardi
    Colonel Hackworth
    Froma Harrop
    J.D. Hauser
    Dustin Hawkins
    William R. Hawkins
    Nat Hentoff
    Donald Hoffmann
    Ron Holland
    James Holmes
    Arianna Huffington
    David M. Huntworth
    Paul Ibrahim
    Terence Jeffrey
    Robert Jensen
    Barney Keller
    Thomas Kilgannon
    Michael Kinsley
    Henry Kissinger
    Dave Kopel
    Charles Krauthammer
    Karen Kwiatkowski
    Henry Lamb
    William S. Lind
    Thomas Lindaman
    T. J. Litafik
    Heather MacDonald
    Nebojsa Malic
    Michelle Malkin
    Ralph Marston
    Chris Matthews
    Nathan McClintock
    Tom McClintock
    Wendy McElroy
    Michael John McCrae
    Ryan Merryman
    John David Morris
    Mary Mostert
    MUGGER
    Bill Murchison
    Steve Myers
    Peggy Noonan
    Gary North
    Oliver North
    Bob Novak
    J. R. Nyquist
    Brendan O'Neill
    Bill O'Reilly
    Star Parker
    US Rep. Ron Paul
    John L. Perry
    Gordon Prather
    Larry Pratt
    David T. Pyne, Esq.
    Fred Reed
    Charley Reese
    Cokie Roberts
    Paul Craig Roberts
    Lew Rockwell Jr.
    Thomas Roeser
    Christopher Ruddy
    Joe Sabia
    Steve Sailer
    P. Andrew Sandlin
    Phyllis Schlafly
    Bill Schneider
    Otto Scott
    Dorothy Anne Seese
    Cindy Sheehan
    Martin Sieff
    Harry Silvergate
    Charles R. Smith
    Tony Snow
    Joe Sobran
    Paul Sperry
    Rabbi Spero
    Jill Stanek
    Bill Steigerwald
    Joseph Stromberg
    Vin Suprinowitz
    Nathan Tabor
    Taki's Top Drawer
    Linda Schrock Taylor
    Abigail Thernstrom
    Alan Tonelson
    Srdja Trifkovic
    Gore Vidal
    Norah Vincent
    Allan Wall
    Jude Wanniski
    George Will
    J. B. Williams
    Kyle Williams
    Walter Williams
    James Leroy Wilson
    David Yeagley
    Hans Zeiger
    OpinioNet


    Reference Sources

    The Free Dictionary

    Bartleby.com

    RefDesk.com

    Answers.com

    Education World

    Free Databases

    Internet Public Library

    Electronic Texts Archive

    Merriam-Webster Dictionary

    Thesaurus

    Acronym Finder

    1911 Britannica

    Britannica Concise

    Information Please Almanac

    Statistical Resources

    American FactFinder

    CountryWatch

    CIA World Factbook

    Stratfor

    History Channel

    Biography.com

    The Straight Dope

    Snopes

    Truth or Fiction

    Logical Fallacies

    Bartlett's Quotations

    Gray's Anatomy

    WebElements Periodic Table

    Harvard Classics

    Free Books Online

    Barron's Booknotes

    Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy

    Internet Movie Database

    LimeWire

    Boogie Jack's

    search engine optimization
    Wordtracker: Top Keywords

    Open Directory Project

    Directory: Free articles

    Free Articles directory

    FindArticles.com

    World Newspapers

    Newspaper Obituaries

    White Pages

    Yellow Pages

    Zip Code look up

    Worldwide Phone Directories

    Worldwide E-mail Directories

    Pizza Coupons

    Donate a Car

    Kelley Blue Book

    Consumer Info Ctr.

    Consumer Reports

    U.S. Code

    U.S. Tax Code

    Mortgage Calculator
    Loan Calculator
    Loan Comparison
    Savings Calculator

    currency converter

    Stock Quotes

    Federal Register

    U.C.M.J.

    USA Patriot Act

    Supreme Court decisions

    Find Law

    Government Guide

    Contact your Rep!

    Politics1.com


    Useful Resources

    Bible Gateway

    Blue Letter Bible

    Christian Answers Network

    SermonAudio.com

    Sermon Cloud

    WallBuilders

    Christian America

    Religious Liberty Archive

    Chick Publications

    Spurgeon Archives

    Magna Carta

    Federalist Papers

    Anti-Federalist Papers

    Dec. of Independence

    Articles of Confederation

    U.S. Constitution

    C.S.A. Constitution

    State Constitutions

    Documents of Freedom

    Early America

    American Heritage Library

    Online Museums - new!

    Euro-Amer. History

    U.S. Anti-Imperialism

    First World War

    The Roosevelt Myth

    Harry S Truman

    Korean War Project

    USS Liberty Memorial

    NGWRC

    Venona

    National Security Archive

    The Memory Hole

    Big Eye

    Trivia Library

    National Debt Clock

    The 'Right' Links

    Military Links

    Ultimate Pro-Life List

    Liberty Online

    Tobacco Institute Docs

    CSMonitor: Neocons

    Museum of Communism

    Murray Rothbard Antiwar Archives

    Starr Report

    Cox Report

    The Clinton Calendar


    Even More Blogs

    Hit and Run (Reason Mag)

    rfburn hertz

    Antioch Road

    Earth-Shattering Distinctives*

    Theognome's Thoughts

    Naddy

    Museum of Left Wing Lunacy

    Chicago Boyz

    Kevin McCullough

    Cornfield Commentary*

    Publicola*

    Fly Over Country

    Greatest Jeneration*

    Backcountry Conservative*

    Conservative Eyes

    Wizbang!*

    Daniel Drezner

    Jonathan Grubbs

    Republican Except for Bush

    Number 2 Pencil

    Claire Wolfe

    Anthony R. Karnowski

    College Basketball

    Right-Wing Vegetarian

    Alex Singleton

    Christian Patriot*

    Alan K. Henderson

    Zonitics

    Spot On

    Unqualified Offerings

    Libertarians Against Bush

    Libertarians for Dean

    Rossnordeen.com

    Phil Carter

    How Appealing

    Ex Parte

    Modulator*

    VRWC

    Mark from Colorado

    Marc Cenedella

    John Moore

    Jared Keller

    La Shawn Barber*

    Adrian Warnock

    Bushwhacker Blog

    Jeremy Petersen

    Ryan's Head

    The Great Separation

    Christian Conservative

    Uncle Sam's Cabin

    Weapons of Mass Distraction

    Booker Rising

    Red State

    Liberating Iraq

    Lissa Kay

    Melanie Phillips

    Buscando Un Oasis*

    Blog Day Afternoon

    Josh Matthews

    Ray Schroeder

    Chelsea Rulz!

    Benjamin Kepple

    Blame India Watch

    Steven Chapman

    Conservative Commentary

    Right We Are!


    Amidst the War...

    Iraq Now

    Front Line Voices

    Boots on the Ground

    Training for Eternity

    A Soldier's Blog

    Fight to Survive

    ...turning tables...

    Colby Buzzell

    Mustang23

    Iraqi Agora

    Baghdad Burning

    Salam Pax

    Healing Iraq

    Hammorabi

    Diary from Baghdad

    A Family in Baghdad

    Secrets in Baghdad

    Raed in the Middle

    A Glimpse of Iraq

    A star from Mosul

    Baghdad Skies

    Baghdad Girl

    Iraqi4Ever

    Iraq and Iraqis

    Kevin Sites

    Iraq Photos


    And from the Left...

    Mickey Kaus

    Marc Cooper

    Dohiyi Mir*

    Brian Balta*

    Right Democrat*

    Gun Toting Liberal

    Lucas Wiman

    Democratic Veteran*

    Back to Iraq 3.0

    Max Speak*

    People Migrate

    Angry Bear

    The Poor Man

    Hesiod

    Neocon Leftist

    The Ben File

    Who Knew?

    Veterans for Dean

    High Desert Skeptic

    Morons for Bush

    Charles Murtaugh

    Atrios



    Lorazapam & Lipitor

    Guardian Watchblog

    Pinko Flamingo

    Debbie Schlussel
    < ? ameriBLOGs # >

    ? ? Midwestern Melodies # ?



    Watch television episodes online for free!

    What I'm Watching

    24
    Law and Order
    Monk
    The People's Court


    Recommended Reading

    Samuel Huntington's new book

    Buzz Patterson - Dereliction of Duty

    The FDR No One Knows


    Heritage, Not Hate


    Qassia: Aakash Raut



    This page is powered by Blogger. Isn't yours?

    Blogsearch | DayPop

    Yahoo! Mail | GMail

    America Online

    Search Engine Optimization
    Wordtracker: Top Search Terms
    Most Popular Keywords
    AOL Hot Searches | AOL Search Blog

    MapQuest | Google Maps
    Travelocity | Expedia
    Southwest Airlines

    Facebook.com | MySpace.com

    Walmart.com | Best Buy
    Home Depot | Circuit City

    Bank of Springfield

    Bank of America

    document scanning

    answering services

    Cingular Wireless

    conference calling

    Lexapro


    Mortgage Calculator
    Loan Repayment Calculator
    Loan Comparison Calculator
    Savings Calculator

    Politics Blog Directory
    Friday, January 30, 2004

    God Bless!

    I mention, two posts below, an item that was on tonight's episode of The 700 Club - regarding Iraq's Christians. Another news item on the show, however, concerned a high school student from my state. Check it out, and here are the latest news items about this. Here is the pertinent piece from the Christianity Today weblog, and here is the press release from the American Center for Law and Justice.

    Thanks to the ACLJ for helping out in this matter, and thanks to James Lord for standing up for what's right. God bless you, James!



    The entry above is about a national news story regarding something that happened at an Illinois high school. But regarding the topic of nationally-known events and controversies that occurred at schools in my state, there was another incident - one that occurred some time ago - that I had thought about commenting on.

    I recently found out that a new College Republicans organization was recently founded at Rockford College. I had heard it said that this seemed appropriate, due to the controversy that had arisen due to the commencement speech that NY Times reporter Chris Hedges [latest news items] had delivered last May at the graduation ceremony there. This was a controversial address, and it was booed by many of those in attendance.

    I am going to publish this post right now (it is Saturday night, despite the date of the three Jan. 30 entries), but expect this to be updated with some of my thoughts about this topic.



    Iraqi Christians

    I have blogged before here on the situation regarding the Christians of Iraq. As many people have been saying, the post-war situation in that country, following the fall of the Ba'athist government has been very bad for many of them; something that many had been warning about before this war began.

    Here is my lengthy and detailed (and several-times-updated) blog entry on the Christians of Iraq, from May. It was included in this compilation of links at a university site.


    "Even Worse" (the heading displayed for this segment of the show)

    The 700 Club (the show of the Christian Broadcasting Network) just began, on the ABC Family Channel, and this is one of the issues that they previewed at the start of the show (one of the issues that they will be covering tonight).

    It was just announced (before they go to advertisements):
    "If you thought Saddam Hussein was a threat, wait till you see who's replacing him. Why Iraq's new government could be even more of a threat for Iraqi Christians..."

    They are now back from the break, and they are reporting that a radical Islamic movement is currently spreading through Iraq. This is making things very, very bad for Christians. They are showing some interviews of the Iraqi Christians. Many Christians greeted the fall of Saddam's government with hopes of a better future, but now, those hopes are being eclipsed by fear for the future.

    At the website of the Christian Broadcasting Network (www.cbn.com), this topic is featured at the top of the site:

    Radical Muslims Spark Fear in Iraqi Christians
    The capture of Saddam Hussein has lifted a cloud that has been hanging over everyone in Iraq. But for some groups, including Christians, life is becoming harder. The concern exists that Iraq's political and constitutional future could threaten the survival of the Christians there.



    "Please help us find a solution to this, Mr. Bush..."

    The Bush administration has not said yet whether religious freedom is a non-negotiable requirement in a post-Saddam Iraq.

    Some warn that Iraq is well on its way to becoming an Islamic state, void of any religious freedom.

    Dr. Noah Feldman, a close advisor to Paul Bremer, the American administrator in Baghdad, recently told a British newspaper that the United States is failing to create a secular, pro-Western Iraq. According to Feldman, Iraq is bound to embrace Sharia, a harsh form of Islamic law, as the basis of its constitution.

    This is music to the ears of Sheikh Hadi Hussein Al-Ghazragi. He heads a prominent Shiite fundamentalist group that's gaining support across Iraq. According to the Sheikh, "The Islamic law must be the foundation of this country and constitution. All the citizens, including Christians, Jews and others who belong to different religions, must follow the strict rules of Islam."...

    - George Thomas, CBN News, Friday, January 30, 2004



    Note: A College Republican from Cornell U. had, awhile ago, sent me this news item, about how Dr. Feldman was saying that the U.S. 'should back [an] Islamic Iraq'. Here is at item on Feldman by Martin Kramer.

    Unfortunately, a recent State Department survey showed that the majority of Iraqis favor an Islamic state, with Sharia, rather than a secular free state. This is one case in which actual democracy can turn out to be a bad thing. It's a great thing that we live in a country that is not a democracy, but rather, a constitutional republic.


    Currently, U.S. Senator Sam Brownback (R-KS) is holding hearings on this very issue, and is investigating why our government leaders are not doing what perhaps they should. CBN urges that we contact our representatives and express our viewpoints regarding this issue. That sounds like a very good idea.


    Updates: Here are some recent articles about this topic. [Please check out my above-mentioned past blog entry for a great deal of information and news about this subject.]
    - Females and Christians in Danger with Iraqi Freedoms?, Jan. 21, 2004
    - Christians Fear Persecution in Iraq, Jan. 27, 2004


    Update: I recently came across an excellent article by Ryan Merryman (via Matt Barganier's post at the Antiwar.com blog)... That article actually relates to the topic of my post here, and also about the issue of the unfortunate fact that there's no significant primary challenge to Bush in the GOP primaries, and to the philosophical issue of traditional conservatism vs. neoconservatism - which I've been thinking about, stressing over, and discussing a great deal, for some time now. That piece by Mr. Merryman of LSU, on the "Republican Right's Forgotten Brethren," hits upon all of these issues, that I've been writing and lamenting about... Check it out - I wish that I had come across Ryan's work sooner!


    Tuesday, January 27, 2004

    ** New Hampshire Primary **

    "As New Hampshire goes, so goes the nation..."

    The greatest New England newpaper and the greatest presidential primary


    Check out New England's greatest newspaper... The conservative Manchester Union-Leader.
    (We miss, you, Mrs. Loeb!)


    And forget the Democratic primary, check out... the Republican primary!


    Developing...


    Updates:

    Here is a "primary perspective" from the Union Leader:
    NH's crucial and cherished role

    The New Hampshire Presidential Primary, first in the nation since 1920, has long played a crucial role in the selection of our nation's leaders.

    The Granite State's primary has become, in the words of one political reporter, "the most cherished of American political tribal rites." It has also become increasingly coveted by other states.

    For its size, it is one of the most thoroughly covered elections in the world. Never have more than 394,000 voters participated; what matters is the timing of the vote it is the first direct expression of Presidential preference.

    From 1952 until 1992, no one had been elected President without a victory in New Hampshire first. Bill Clinton broke that record in 1992, winning the Presidency after finishing a close second in the Democratic primary here...


    www.newhampshireprimary.com



    Update (2/3/04): The Boston Globe's website has an excellent politics section that features the New Hampshire primary:
    www.boston.com/news/politics

    They have a good page with the election results - on both the Democratic and Republican sides. I am planning on writing more about the results; please stay tuned...

    Update (2/5/04): I had some thoughts about this year's New Hampshire primary, that I wanted to post here.

    On the day of the primary (actually, shortly before the voting was going to close), I published a detailed entry at WatchBlog (the Republican column). Please check it out here:

    www.watchblog.com/republicans/archives/000729.html

    That entry covers some of the conservative dissatisfaction with President Bush, and also lists some other Republican candidates for President of the United States in 2004.

    After I posted comments at some blogs, directing people to that WatchBlog entry of mine, including a comment at the great Command Post weblog. After I posted that comment, the Command Post webloggers published the following entries: Bush Wins GOP Primary & SHOCKER! Bush Wins NH Rep. Primary. Those entries both stated that Bush had received 94% of the Republican primary vote.

    (From: www.command-post.org/2004/2_archives/009935.html)


    January 27, 2004

    Bush Wins GOP Primary

    President Bush has scored an impressive victory in the Republican primary, with over 94% of the vote in a 14 candidate race. Fox News has projected him the winner.

    Posted by James at January 27, 2004 08:35 PM | TrackBack


    Comments

    Dude's puttin' up Saddam numbers. ;-)

    Posted by: Patrick at January 27, 2004 08:50 PM


    Nah - Saddam got all 100%. Of course, Bush has opponents. Sort of :)

    Posted by: James Joyner at January 27, 2004 08:51 PM



    However, in the end, Bush wound up with 85% of the New Hampshire GOP primary vote. Our old friend Zach Wendling, a conservative staffer at Hoosier Review, said that it strikes him as a rather low figure.

    [Update (4/3/04): I was just looking through old Haloscan comments posts from my browser's history, and I found that, in the comments for that entry of Zach's, someone referred to this post by Jacob Levy that analyzes this topic, regarding Bush's NH primary totals. Mr. Levy points out that in the 1984 NH GOP primary, incumbent President Ronald Reagan received only 86.4& of the vote.]

    Via Antiwar.com (I think it was), I found this liberal commentary (this is, I think, the first time that I've linked to The Nation's website), about how one-in-seven voters in the NH GOP primary cast their votes for someone other than Bush. Three Democrats, Kerry, Dean, and Clark, actually came in higher than the Republican candidates (despite the fact that several of President Bush's Republican challengers were New Hampshire natives).

    Looking at the county and town results, we can see that in the small county of Strafford, about 24% of voters cast their ballots against Bush. And in GOP presidential candidate John Donald Rigazio's home city of Rochester, 29% of voters did so.


    Anyway, if you haven't already done so, please check out my WatchBlog entry:
    www.watchblog.com/republicans/archives/000729.html

    Command Post offered to re-print it at their site, and I wish that I had replied to that offer, so they would have done so.


    On Super Tuesday (two days ago) [Note: I was mistaken - that wasn't Super Tuesday; that election day came later...], I was looking through some of the Republican primary results, to see how Bush's lesser-known challengers did. It was disappointing that, in Blake Ashby's home state of Missouri, he only managed to 986 votes (one would think that a multi-millionaire would have been able to round up more support in his home state). However, something significant did happen in the Oklahoma primary. See the results here. As you can see there, anti-war Republican presidential candidate Bill Wyatt received 10% of the vote against George W. Bush. The popular conservative web publication World Net Daily had an article about this:

    ELECTION 2004
    Bush's shaky primary performance
    Virtually unopposed, Republican protest vote heavy


    Within that article, I found a link to another WND news piece about something important that I had not heard about:

    ELECTION 2004
    Roy Moore for president?
    'Ten Commandments judge' won't rule out challenge to Bush


    It seems that there is some thought that the heroic former Alabama Supreme Court Chief Justice Roy Moore run for President in the 2004 general election - possibly under the Constitution Party.

    I have written before about the conservative dissatisfaction at the policies of the Bush administration. If a strong conservative candidate decides to run in the general election against the President, that could have a major impact on the outcome of the race. (Bush is already having enough problems as it is, and some are saying that he won't get re-elected.)

    This is an update to this older blog entry, but I will likely have some more news reports and personal commentary about these issues soon.


    Check out this excellent and thought-provoking entry by conservative blogger Lee Warren:
    The Failure of Pragmatic Republicans (via Patriot Paradox's Christian Carnival #2)


    Monday, January 19, 2004

    Did you attend?



    MLK and GWB

    Unlike last year, I hope this time to do some significant entries on Martin Luther King, Jr. (yesterday was the day we observed his birthday) and on President Bush's State of the Union address. I just yesterday posted a lot of material below, however... Please take a look, if you haven't already done so. This entry will soon be updated with regard to Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., and also will feature his niece, the great conservative Christian leader Dr. Alveda King (who is the daughter the Reverend Dr. A. D. King, Jr., the civil rights leader who passed away the year after his brother, Martin, was assassinated).

    Prof. Alveda King



    Before going to class this evening, I hastily did this entry in the Republican column of WatchBlog, on President Bush's State of the Union address, which was tonight. I wanted to get something blogged before the speech took place... I was only late to class by about 14 minutes... ;-)

    More to come... Please stand by. And thank you very much for your readership. :-)


    This entry was written on the night of Tuesday, January 20th, 2004.



    Update (2/1/04): Here is the comment that I posted at Josh Claybourn's entry on MLK from last year (1/20/03)... Take a look at the other comments there, also (Josh re-posted that entry this year):

    Josh, on Martin Luther King, Jr.'s birthday in January 2000, Dr. Alveda King, his niece, made a good pro-life speech at Boston University. Find out about that here, at a page made by a former student at my former university. Dr. Alveda King had earlier come to that university (UIUC), at an event hosted by UIUC College Republicans and Young America's Foundation. At that event, she spoke about school choice (in favor of it) and affirmative action (against it). She was actually a Democrat at the time (when she said that, it upset some of the CRs), and she was a state representative in Georgia, but she later switched to the Republican Party. Alveda is the founder of King for America. I don't know much about that organization, but it looks very good.

    Today, at my university, the College Democrats and a women's group are promoting the "Save Roe" campaign (pro-abortion rights). Dr. Alveda King correct asks, however: "How Can the Dream Survive if We Murder the Children?".

    This is very true. With all these issues currently before us: abortion, affirmative action, and the memory of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Dr. Alveda King is a great voice for the correct viewpoints on these issues. Perhaps some of the groups at IU (or other campuses) can arrange for Dr. King to visit and give a talk. You can also make arrangements for her to spend the whole day there with the students (lunch, book signings, etc.). We need strong voices like those of Dr. Alveda King to be heard loud and clear among all the diverse opinions, emotions, and views.

    Posted by: Aakash on January 22, 2003 03:41 PM




    Update (2/6/04):
    I was planning on updating this entry with information about another African-American female Republican leader. When Dr. Alveda King came to UIUC in April of 1998, she was accompanied by Angel Joy Rocker, with whom she co-authored a book. I first found out about Mrs. Rocker, though, in 1999, from the Republican National Committee's website - it was on the page where they listed the Republican presidential hopefuls, and linked to their campaign sites. Angel's campaign home page was at www.angelrocker.com - You can see the archive here. Mrs. Rocker may have been the first black woman to be an official Republican presidential candidate. The media, however, being mostly liberal, largely ignored the candidacy of 2000 Republican presidential candidates Alan Keyes and Angel Joy Rocker - compare the amount of coverage they gave to those African-American presidential candidates to the amount of coverage given to Democratic candidates Jesse Jackson and Shirley Chisholm. When the media reported about the Alabama Straw Poll (that event was not a major campaign event, unlike the previous straw poll, in Iowa) - many of the reports said that only Alan Keyes and Orrin Hatch showed up there. In reality, Mrs. Rocker was there too - that means, 2 out of the 3 Republican presidential candidates participating in that straw poll were African-American. Both Keyes and Rocker gave great speeches - I saw watched some of it on my computer, after downloading the video from C-SPAN's website. You can find that video here (Note - That url doesn't load; I will, however, try to find a video of that straw poll, and provide a link to it here).

    Angel Joy Chavis-Rocker

    When I did a Google search, to find an image to use in this entry update, I came across some surprising news, of which I was not aware. I have just discovered that Angel Joy Rocker passed away last February (2003). She was only 36 years old. Here is a website that is about her; I had not seen it before. She must have been a remarkable woman.



    Busy and tired...

    Yesterday, I had to get up a little after 7:30 in the morning (that's very early, for me ;-), and go to the UIUC campus, for an officers meeting of the Illinois College Republican Federation. It went well, and there is a great deal of optimism and enthusiasm about the upcoming elections, especially the 2004 presidential race.

    I have been thinking about re-posting here, as I am preparing new entries, a couple of comments that I posted at weblogs. I will publish, in the two entries, below, a comment that I posted at this recent entry of Dustin Frelich's - regarding Joe Lieberman, and the liberal support for the Iraq war - and a comment that I posted at this Command Post entry - regarding my wish for for pro-war bloggers to address the conservative and military opposition to the Iraq war (those are the more sensible and cogent types of arguments), rather than focusing so much on what the anti-war liberals have to say. The first comment that I'm re-posting below, from Dustin's entry on Joe Lieberman's support of the war, is prefaced by a rather lengthy explanation (about the views expressed in my comment), which reiterates my claim that the political philosophy behind "Operation Iraqi Freedom" has leftist undertones, and that the war should not be supported by conservatives (while liberals should be backing it).


    I'll also have a new entry up soon on Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in honor of today... That entry will also feature his niece, the conservative leader Dr. Alveda King).

    If you're interested, please look through my two comment posts that I'm pasting below... Thanks!



    Re-Posted Comment: On Lieberman and the Pro-War Left


    The comment pasted below (scroll down some to see it) was posted at this entry of Dustin Frelich's. Several pro-war bloggers had pointed approvingly to Senator Joe Lieberman's rebuke of his rival Howard Dean's staunch position against the war in Iraq. In my comment at Dustin's entry regarding this issue, I pointed out that the reasons for Sen. Lieberman's support of the Iraq war - and for his support of other wars and interventions like this in the past - has to do with his liberal and neoliberal political philosophy, not because of anything conservative, or because of anything admirable.

    I have done many blog entries on the issue of war (my older ones were copied and archived at this site, though those posts are still available in the archives here). In many of those entries, as well as in my comment posts at other blogs, I have been emphasizing the conservative, Republican, military, and veteran opposition to the Iraq war. As I have pointed out many times before, in blog entries here, guest blog entries, comment posts, and in other writings, the idea of engaging in a pre-emptive war like this contradicts the values of traditional American conservatism, pro-liberty republicanism, and constitutionalism - the values of the Old Republic, upon which our great nation was founded. I have focused a lot on the many conservative and military-related leaders and groups that have been opposing this war; one thing that I have not focused on, though, is the many liberal or left-leaning groups and individuals that supported this war. Considering my contention that this type of state-sponsored intervention is part of a neoliberal/neoconservative, statist, Wilsonian foreign policy (this utopian vision is leftist in nature), it perhaps would have been good if I had pointed to the pro-war bloggers, columnists, and other leaders from the Left who have been supportive of the Iraq war. In the Blogosphere, several of the major pro-war webloggers have been left-leaning, or Democrats, such as Charles Johnson, Dean Esmay, Roger L. Simon, War Liberal, Armed Liberal, and the great writer Michael Totten, who wrote a couple of articles that were published in the conservative Front Page Magazine, like this one, urging his fellow leftists and Democrats to support the Iraq war, and pointing out that many were already doing so.

    In this comment (re-posted below from Dustin's blog entry), I pointed out that Sen. Lieberman - and other liberals and Democrats - supported "Operation Iraqi Freedom" because a war such as this (just like with Kosovo, Operation Desert Fox, Bosnia, Haiti, etc....) corresponds with their leftist foreign policy vision.

    Perhaps this comment, which I posted on January 6th, was somewhat prescient, due to the viewpoints that have been expressed by pro-war commentators and bloggers within the past few days, in response to the new allegations being made by former U.S. Secretary of the Treasury (under President George W. Bush) Paul O'Neill. O'Neill claims that the war for regime change in Iraq was part of the Bush administration's foreign policy agenda prior to the horrific terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, a claim that would seem to contradict many of the administration members' claims that the war became necessary due to the need to protect our country and our people - a necessary part of the post-9/11 War on Terrorism. In defense of the Bush administration, many pro-war columnists and bloggers are now reminding us that the proposal to effect regime change in Iraq was first part of the Clinton administration's agenda.

    [See here, here, here, here, and here.]


    This is actually one of the issues that I had alluded to in this comment (before this new stuff, with O'Neill's allegations, arose). In that comment (re-posted below), I pointed to the fact that Joe Lieberman supports Bill Clinton, and the Clintonian foreign policy agenda. Along with Lieberman, Bill and Hillary Clinton were supporters of the recent Iraq war - something that is very appropriate, considering that this type of war is consistent with their neoliberal political philosophy and foreign policy vision. Within this comment, I link to a past blog entry by a popular, pro-war, conservative blogger, which correctly points out that it was the Democrats who wrote the doctrine of pre-emptive war against regimes like Iraq, and that the Bush administration has picked up on this Democratic philosophy. I also link to a piece that shows, from a philosophical perspective, that support for pre-emptive state action is actually a left-wing ideal, something that the Left should be backing. (Also see this excellent speech by U.S. Congressman John Duncan, Jr. (R-TN).)

    Please take a look at this comment, either at Dustin's blog entry, or posted below, and the items that I link to within it. I have linked to many sources that point out why liberals and Democrats should be supporting this war (many of them did, and even some conservative pro-war commentators and bloggers have acknowledged that the Left should be liking this war). As you can see here, those pro-war, pro-Bush commentators, bloggers, and politicos who are now pointing out that regime change in Iraq was originally a Clinton administration policy are absolutely correct. It is no wonder that President Clinton is continuing to express support (at least implicitly) for the Iraq war - pro-war bloggers have picked up on this, and have [quite unfortunately] been touting Clinton's support of the faulty Iraq intelligence regarding the WMD issue... They keep saying that Bill Clinton said this... and the Democrats said that - Like that is supposed to have an impact on the countless non-Clinton supporters [Republicans, Libertarians, libertarians, paleolibertarians, paleoconservatives, constitutionalists, foreign policy realists, "Austrian" economists, supply-siders, GOP businessmen, Bush 41 administration members, Reagan administration members, Pentagon non-civilians, military leaders, current and retired U.S. generals, etc....] who opposed this war. (Hello! I have likely been more opposed to Slick Willie than most Americans, and was a strong supporter of his impeachment. Of course Bill Clinton is a liar! WE IMPEACHED HIM FOR THAT!! Duh!!)


    [Update: In the spirt of the "Google bombing" phenomenon (against President Bush), here are a few "bombs" of my own:
    miserable failure ~ congenital liar ~ promiscuous pervert ~ sexual predator ~ Billy the Bastard...
    And here's a new blog that I recently found.]


    What a lot of apologists for the Bush administration and the Iraq war perhaps do not realize is that when they keep citing Bill Clinton, and what his administration did and said, they are backing up the arguments of myself, and other anti-war conservatives, constitutionalists, Republicans, and libertarians, that this is not a conservative war. They are quite correct in pointing out that pre-emptive war and regime change in Iraq are liberal, Democratic policies. (There was a debate between myself and a conservative war supporter about this matter in the comments thread at this entry at his blog, by the way.)

    Ron Silver supports liberal warfare


    Just as people such as Billy Klinton, his Lady MacBeth, Joe Loserman, former House Minority Leader Dick Gephardt, the former presidential candidate pants-dropper drop-out, the former presidential candidate & possible war criminal, the crazy former mayor (and former "The People's Court" judge), the liberal television commentator who defended a R.I.N.O.'s foul mouth, the R.I.N.O. himself, the socialist writer who attacked Mother Teresa on the night of her funeral, the liberal NY Times columnist & propagandist who may not be an "idiot", the money-grubbing Vice-President of the apparently-incompetent [and 'failing'] American Federation of Teachers, the Pulitzer-Prize winning book writer & editor of The New Yorker, the neocon leftist who is going loopy, Salon's sleazy sex columnist ["Typhoid Danny?], who broke the law during the last Iowa caucus, another homosexual Salon columnist (a famous feminist writer & social critic, and a principled Democrat), The New Republic magazine, the Washington Post, la giornalista e autori Oriana Fallaci, celebrity liberals such as the world-famous movie director, the actor/activist Ron Silver, and the sometimes-thin, sometimes-fat talk show lady, the "red-diaper babies," the Social Democrats USA, the Trotsky apologist and "philosophical whore of North Beach," the socialists and "ex-"commies/Stalinists who've been embraced by the war hawks, and other liberals and Democrats have expressed support for this war, many of us who are constitutionalists, conservatives, libertarians, and American patriots have been opposing this war. We must continue to do so.


    Here is the above-described comment that I posted on January 6th, at this blog entry of Mr. Frelich's:

    -----------


    Dustin,

    I was just thinking about Lieberman earlier today, and I just saw him speaking when his debate clip was shown on Greta Van Sustren's Fox News show.

    I would have to very much disagree with those conservatives, neoconservatives, and neoliberals who are praising Lieberman's positions, especially on an issue such as foreign policy, in which he takes a Clintonian stance. I wrote about Joe in my comment at this blogger's post.

    As you can see in that column that I link to there, by Lt. Col. Oliver North, Sen. Lieberman supported the flawed, interventionist foreign policy of the Clinton/Gore & Albright administration, which was responsible for damaging our military and defense capabilities, creating problems domestically and overseas, and is partly to blame for many of the bad situations that we have faced since that administration left office. Lieberman's positions, on many domestic and foreign issues, is horribly wrong, and he would make a terrible president.

    And with regard to the Iraq situation, Joe Lieberman, and many other neoliberals and neoconservatives, actually supported this type of war back in 1998, while many Republicans and foreign policy realists, such as the Bush 41'ers, likely opposed that plan.


    That type of a war for regime change is inconsistent with conservative and Republican principles, as I've stated many times before. Throughout our nation's history of warfare and military intervention, there have been liberal wars, and conservative wars. The intervention in Afghanistan following 9/11 was a conservative war. But the war to "liberate Iraq" - which used to be a war to force Iraq to disarm, for which "we knew" it "was lying" when it said that it had already done, something that, if true, would have averted the war - this war did not fit those conservative criteria. (If you scroll down some in this blog entry, I updated that post with a compilation of items from conservative and liberal sources that explain what the conservative and liberal rules for the use of military intervention abroad are.)

    Like Lieberman, The New Republic magazine strongly supported this war and several of the major pro-war bloggers have also been liberal. One of them, Michael Totten, has this article published in Front Page Magazine; it is a very good piece, pointing out why more liberals should be enthusiatically supporting the Iraq war. (Many more liberals and Democrats would be, if someone like Clinton, Lieberman, or a Democrat were in the White House, while more Republicans and conservatives would be opposing it, and would be demanding more accountability of the administration due to the numerous post-war controversies that have now arisen.) Lieberman is cited, towards the end of Mr. Totten's piece, as one of many liberal leaders who supported the Iraq war.

    It is because of his neoliberal and statist political philosophy that Lieberman has been supporting this war for awhile - for longer than President Bush, in fact. Democrats and liberals are more interventionist than many Republicans... This is one thing that George W. Bush campaigned against when running for office. (Al Gore and other Democrats suggested that Bush was an "isolationist" - something that the Clintonistas had been saying about Republicans for awhile also - since most Republicans opposed Slick Willie's globalist, interventionist, "New World Order" agenda.)

    Joe Lieberman said that Dean wants to return the Democratic Party to how it was before Clinton. Lieberman supports Bill Clinton, and his policies. Like Lieberman, Bill and Hillary Clinton were supporters of this Iraq war, and Bill Clinton has more recently been cited by some war supporters for his criticisms of anti-war Democrats, who have been blasting Bush's Iraq actions. (This is not surprising. It was Bill Clinton who signed the "Iraqi Liberation Act of 1998," and, as even some conservative supporters of the recent Iraq war have stated, the philosophy of using pre-emptive war against a regime like Iraq is a Democratic doctrine... It is something that liberals should be backing, since they support it all the time in the domestic arenas).

    So basically, the reason that Lieberman supports the Iraq war has to do with his support for a dangerous, neoliberal, statist, globalist, un-American, "New World Order" agenda, which is based upon a Wilsonian vision. This utopian viewpoint is leftist in nature, so it is not surprising that many liberals and Democrats feel that they must support it. This is why Lieberman supports the Iraq war, and why he supported the interventionist, "perverse foreign policies" of "gunpoint democracy" and [what conservative columnist Charles Krauthammer rightfully condemns as] "foreign policy social work" - that was the hallmark of the Clinton administration, a policy which was roundly criticized by Republican (and some non-Republican) leaders, and by our military community, was responsible for running down our nation's defense resources and capabilities, leading to a decrease in military readiness, overall military morale, and lower recruitment and retention rates as well.

    Joe Lieberman supported the horrific foreign policy of Clinton and Albright and the neoliberals, and his flawed foreign policy vision is the reason that he has long been supporting a war like this, in Iraq. He supported this war, at least in large part, for liberal reasons, not for conservative reasons. And that is nothing to be proud of.


    ----------- end of comment ----------


    That was my Jan. 6th comment post at Dustin's blog entry on Joe Lieberman's opposition to Howard Dean's opposition to the Iraq war. Check out Dustin's response to my comment; it is insightful, and he makes some good points (though I don't agree with some of his reasoning).


    Update (2/17/04): Jeffrey Collins does not seem to like this entry.

    By the way, I want to point out that I have added to, and modified, this entry since Mr. Collins posted that reponse entry. For example, in the 5th paragraph of my entry above, I added the link to that speech by Congressman Hostettler on pre-emptive war, and the sentence following it (about how preemptive warfare goes against conservative values). [Note: I have now removed those sentences, and inserted them in the update below, in this entry.] I also added and modified some hyperlinks within the text of this entry, and made some other changes to it. Perhaps those changes pertain some to Mr. Collins's criticisms of this entry, but I think that most of the viewpoints in his post still apply to my entry, and that he would have written that post, even if he had seen this entry in its modified form.

    The three-step reasoning that Mr. Collins attributes to me is not an accurate portrayal of my reasoning about this issue. (Nonetheless, I do believe that all three of those points are true... The "therefore:" and "ergo" are what I wouldn't agree with, though.)

    Originally, the purpose of this entry was to re-post here a comment that I had posted at Dustin Frelich's blog. (In the entry below this one, I also re-posted a comment that I had posted at the Command Post blog.) However, when writing the introduction to this entry, I started making additional points, about how many liberals had supported this war, and about how it is consistent with left-wing and Democratic principles. I had wanted to do an entry some time, with links to material showing that preemptive war is a major philosophical issue, and that it has leftist, statist roots. In this entry, I have linked to some blog entries - from both liberal and conservative supporters of the Iraq war - which make this point.

    On thing that I was planning on doing in this entry is adding some articles here about why liberals should be supporting this war. I think that, in addition to doing this, I will add some information here about the current administration's foreign policy, and about how it is actually based upon leftist and Democratic philosophies - not on conservative principles.

    I will try to do that soon.


    Update (3/9/04): I should have posted these here sooner, but here is some background information about political philosophy and the Iraq war.


    As I pointed out above, in the Blogsophere, several of the major pro-Iraq war bloggers have been from the Left. One of them, Michael Totten, has written a lot about the issue of the war. In this column of his, he pointed out the liberal justification for the Iraq war, and pointed out that many liberals and Democrats were supporting it.

    However, from a philosophical perspective about this, check out this widely-read blog entry of Mr. Totten's: A Liberal Vision

    Terror and Liberalism - Paul Berman supports war In that entry, Mr. Totten cites Paul Berman, a liberal political theorist and writer who had a recent book, Terror and Liberalism. I have never seen that book, but from its description, I imagine that it explains how pre-emptive warfare and military intervention in places such as Iraq are liberal policies. In this Dissent magazine article, Mr. Berman details a conversation he had with a liberal friend... In that coversation, he makes the case that liberals should be supporting the Iraq war as part of an anti-fascist movement. At the start of that article, Mr. Berman points out that some leaders of the pro-Iraq war movement have ties to liberalism, socialism, and communism, something that I pointed out over a year ago.
    [Update (8/6/06): Curtis Bowman on Paul Berman and pro-war liberalism]

    Some conservatives who supported the Iraq war have also pointed out that support for preemptive warfare and military intervention against regimes like Iraq is a left-wing, Democratic policy. This excellent entry by conservative blogger Anna Bunny makes this clear, pointing out that pre-emption is a Democratic foreign policy, and the Bush administration has borrowed it from them. And Dr. James Joyner, the principled conservative blogger and war veteran, did a great post entitled "Bush the Leftie." Both of those bloggers featured the above-mentioned entry by Michael Totten.

    National Review Online published an excellent article by Gleaves Whitney in Feb. 2003:
    Democrats for Preemption: An old doctrine
    This also points out that Democratic presidents have promoted and implemented the preemption doctrine in the past. In that piece, Mr. Whitney mentions pro-war Senator Hillary Clinton's statement in support of the Iraq war resolution.

    Leading blogger Andrew Sullivan had an article about why liberals should be backing this war:
    A Liberal War: What the left won't see, Sunday Times, April 6, 2003

    That article by Sully also discusses Paul Berman's theories, mentioned above. I found that article via this thoughtful blog entry by Aaron Ross Powell.

    Here is a good backgrounder on pre-emptive war. From there, I found an article from the spring of 2001 by the executive director of the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center (who also served in the Bush 41 administration's Defense Department under Dick Cheney and Paul Wolfowitz). This article explains how a pre-emptive warfare doctrine was promoted within the Clinton administration.

    And here is a blog entry by a liberal, about how the Democratic foreign policy is similar to the current administration's one:
    The Democrats Aren't the Anti-War Alternative in 2004
    This entry correctly points out the the current Iraq war, and the foreign policies espoused by this administration, are related to the policies of the Clinton administration. From this entry, and the ones linked to above, one can see that both liberals and conservatives have pointed out that the Bush administration's foreign policy with regard to Iraq is related to the Democrats' foreign policy principles.

    Another liberal perspective on the war issue:
    Bush and Clinton: Birds of a Feather, YellowTimes.org

    And here is an item from The Weekly Standard dealing with the issue of President Clinton's statements on Iraq:
    Robert Kagan & William Kristol, Oct. 20, 2003:
    Why We Went to War: The case for the war in Iraq, with testimony from Bill Clinton.

    And here is a related piece from NewsMax.com, about the memos that relate to Paul O'Neill's allegations about the plans for regime change in Iraq:
    Kristol: O'Neill War Memo Came from Clinton

    And an article by Larry Elder from Feb. 20, 2003:
    Remember Clinton's war in Iraq?
    This column by Mr. Elder, who supports the Iraq war, points out the similarities between the statements of President Bush and the statements of President Clinton with regard to the issue of the Iraqi regime, and the threat it poses.

    And with regard to the issue of conservatism and war, here is an excellent speech by U.S. Congressman John Duncan, Jr. (R-TN), and a great speech by U.S. Congressman John Hostettler (R-IN). Pre-emptive warfare goes against the conservative and 'republican' values regarding self-defense and the use of state-sponsored force.

    The material in this update, as well as the material in the rest of this entry above, provides an overview of the leftist roots of our government's current Iraq policy, and shows how this policy is part of a liberal/neoliberal, Democratic agenda.


    Here are some related readings, which provide some more information and commentary about this topic:

    From The New Republic, Oct. 21, 2002:
    The Liberal Case for War - This war is justified exclusively on liberal grounds, Jonathan Chait
    Slave State: Where are all the liberal humanitarian interventionists now?, Robert D. Kaplan
    (registration required)

    Richard Just, The American Prospect, Nov. 13, 2002:
    Moral Imperative - Any self-respecting liberal should support this war

    Michael Kelly, Oct. 23, 2002:
    The Anti-War Movement Contradicts Liberal Values

    Tibor Machan, March 4, 2003:
    Liberals Should be Supporting Preemptive War

    Jonah Goldberg, Oct. 31, 2003:
    Liberals Should be Supporting the U.S. policy in Iraq

    U.S. Rep. John Duncan, Jr. (R-TN), Sept. 10, 2003:
    There is Nothing Conservative about the U.S. policy in Iraq

    -----

    More updates: Here's some more material about this subject:

    Steven Greenhut, Orange County Register, Feb. 23, 2003:
    Honk if you think this is a conservative war

    Peter Hitchens, The Spectator (U.K.), March 29, 2003:
    NOT IN OUR NAME: This is a left-wing conflict and Conservatives should not support it

    John R. MacArthur, In These Times, July 28, 2003:
    Against Liberal Interventionism - Peter Hitchens may be right...

    George Packer, New York Times, Dec. 8, 2002:
    The Liberal Quandary Over Iraq - Why liberal intellectuals support the Iraq war


    Ivan Eland, CATO Institute, Feb. 2, 2002:
    Overextended Military: Is This the Bush Administration or Clinton Administration II?



    My Jan. 4th comment at Michele's recent Command Post entry: "No News is Good News, Unless You're Howard Dean"

    On Fringebaiting, Debate, and anti-war liberals

    Comment posted at: http://www.command-post.org/oped/2_archives/009333.html

    So much commentary and criticism and expended energy over Dean...

    It would be so nice if bloggers would focus more on, and cover and address the criticism of the Bush administration's handling of the War on Terrorism and the Iraq situation that is coming from our military leadership and veteran community and pro-defense groups, and from major conservatives and Republicans. (There is a whole lot more of that than many people think.) Even within the Bush administration and the Pentagon, there have been major conflicts between various groups, factions, and departments over these issues.

    The liberal media focuses more on the liberals who oppose the policies of our President, and so do many in the Blogosphere. But liberals make many flawed arguments, and many of their tactics and themes are terrible, as I've said in the past.


    There has been so much bloggage, at pro-Bush and other sites, regarding what Dean said, or what Wesley Clark said, or what the folks at "Democratic Underground" said, or what this loony leftist or that crazy Democrat said. Some of that is okay, but the sheer amount of verbiage and energy that is expended on this type of refutation is really overkill. I'm not saying that this entry does this, but many of the pro-war and pro-Bush administration bloggers engage in "fringebaiting," as Radley Balko has pointed out.

    I am not referring specifically to this blog entry, but Dean and other liberals and Democrats make many crazy or senseless statements. Instead of wasting so much tiime and effort fulminating against them, it would be better, and a lot more conscientious and admirable, if pro-war and pro-Bush bloggers would focus less on them, and more on the sensible and cogent criticisms of the policies that they support (and many of these types of criticisms are coming from both the left and the right, and from elsewhere... Even from some who strongly supported the Iraq war, such as former House Speaker Newt Gingrich and the Weekly Standard's Bill Kristol).


    Regarding the issues of debates and fringebaiting, check out this excellent entry by the great blogger Andrew Olmsted, in which he links to a blog entry by Gary Farber on the issue of argument ad strawman.


    Once again, I want to make clear that my post here is a general comment, not intended to be a response to this particular entry by Michele, or a response to any particular thing that Howard Dean or others have said. (Perhaps it would be better as a blog entry... I may post it later as such, but I want to get these thoughts down now, and posted here as well.)

    These are just some thoughts on something that I wish would happen more often in the Blogosphere, instead of so much of what I've been regularly seeing.

    Command Post is an excellent website... Thanks to all the editors and contributors for maintaining it. Keep up the good work.

    Posted by: Aakash at January 4, 2004 07:25 PM


    Friday, January 16, 2004

    Rush

    First Pat Robertson, then Martha Stewart, and now, I am doing an entry about good old Rush. I mentioned Rush in an update to a February entry here, linking to a neat little poem (posted on the discussion board of our state's premier conservative web publication, the Illinois Leader) about Mr. Limbaugh's [unfortunate] support for the Iraq war. (I pointed out in that blog entry that Rush has been anti-war in the past, during the Clinton administration, but he has unfortunately been toeing the neoconservative/neoliberal line with regard to this war.) I also did this October 10th guest blog entry on Rush as the news was breaking about his admission - regarding being addicted to painkillers. And in this recent entry, and in my Thanksgiving entry at WatchBlog, I linked to an older item on 'An Undoctored American History Lesson About Thanksgiving,' from Mr. Limbaugh.

    Did Rush do anything illegal in the situation with his drugs? We don't know. Interestingly, the ACLU has taken Rush's side on the matter of their claim that Mr. Limbaugh's privacy rights were violated when his medical records were seized by authories last November. When there was the controversy about the distribution of those Christian Coalition voter guides, the ACLU sided with the Christian Coalition in that matter. (The Federal Election Commission's lawsuit to prevent the distribution of these flyers was dismissed, by a Carter-appointed judge.) And on the issues relating to the expansion of the federal government, in relation to the alleged violations of privacy and individual liberties by the state, during the Clinton administration, and more recently, following 9/11, the ACLU has also been working with conservative and libertarian groups to oppose these unconstitutional policies. (In fact, recently-retired GOP House Majority Leader Dick Armey (R-TX), and former House Impeachment Manager, ex-U.S. Rep. Bob Barr (R-GA), are now both consultants for the ACLU.)

    I had posted a good comment about Rush at a past entry at Right We Are!, and I would like to re-post or link to it here, but I cannot find it right now (Google didn't help, in this case), and I am very much short on time at the moment. I'll try to find it soon, though.

    As for Mr. Limbaugh, I hope that things are going alright for him, in this difficult situation. Hopefully, this case will be resolved fairly and justly, whatever the result may be.



    Martha

    I was watching the news the other day, and there were two news stories on one after another. The first was on Martha Stewart, and the fact that she has a new website - MarthaTalks.com - which presents her side of the case. I have not been following this case closely, and do not know the background information, or much about it at all, but I have come to be a skeptic when people are prosecuted for something like this, and have come to empathize a little with the accused. (That could be my conservatism that's speaking in matters such as this.) However, I do not know much about these issues, so I cannot form an informed opinion in these types of cases.

    I have not been to that website yet, but I should take a look at some of that material when I get a chance, and also look up some more information about this topic. Take a look through that site; it should be, at the very least, thought-provoking and intriguing. It will be interesting to see what happens with Ms. Stewart's case in the future.


    Friday, January 09, 2004

    Note (1/14/03): This is the first week of the new semester, and I still have some stuff pending from the previous one. My classes are over for the week, but there's still a bunch of things that are keeping me busy. I have drafts of several blog entries down on paper, though, and I hope to post them soon. Thank you for your patience, and sorry for the lack of new entries... Please check back soon, though. Thanks!


    --------- Original Entry ---------


    Once again, the Blogosphere is abuzz with commentary about the Reverend Pat Robertson. Shortly after I saw this news item at NewsMax.com, Josh posted about that news. Like Josh, I don't like what the Reverend said, in this case.

    However, I think that while we're on the topic of Rev. Pat Robertson, I now have the opportunity to post an entry, a draft of which I had written in the early morning hours of Tuesday, Nov. 4th. The 700 Club was being re-shown on the ABC Family channel at that time, and the show had just begun, with the news of what had just happened in Iraq. This was during some very deadly days in Iraq, when there was a great deal of violence going on in that country. (It had been the 'deadliest day' of the war since "victory" was declared on May 1st.) In commenting on this news, Rev. Pat Robertson said (I jotted some of it down):
    "A couple of years ago I expressed serious misgivings about this war... I mentioned the fact that it was going to be disasterous and it was going to be messy. And it's turning into exactly that... It's not yet a quagmire, but it's..."
    (The 700 Club, show for Monday, Nov. 3, 2003, Christian Broadcasting Network)

    I had earlier believed that Rev. Robertson was supporting the Bush administration's plan for the war in Iraq, but from what I have seen and read in the past several months, I think that he has long been having serious doubts about this, and that it is possible that he now realizes that it was a bad idea to go to war there. I had previously mentioned Rev. Robertson in my blog entry on the Christians of Iraq, and the problems that they are facing since the fall of the Ba'athist government. I don't watch The 700 Club regularly, but from what I have seen, CBN has been giving some excellent coverage of the situation in post-war Iraq. But I will address this issue more when I update this entry.

    Rev. Robertson speaks his mind

    This past summer, around the time of the Liberia intervention issue, Rev. Robertson had caught a lot of flack from many bloggers, including many conservatives. Josh had an entry on "Robertson's Sinking Ship," which linked to an article blasting Rev. Robertson for his position on Liberia, and on its [now-former] president, Charles Taylor. Josh and other bloggers, such as Radley Balko, pointed to the fact that Robertson has financial connections and business dealings in Liberia, and basically claimed that these personal interests were causing him to defend the indefensible.

    Around that same time, Robertson made a controversial statment during a prayer (on his show, The 700 Club) regarding the U.S. Supreme Court. Some bloggers felt that he was "stupid" for doing so.

    John Hawkins of Right Wing News called Rev. Robertson "the crazy aunt in the basement of the Republican Party." (Hat tip to Matthew Stinson's entry on Robertson)

    Matthew's more recent entry lists the Reverend as one of the five "most annoying" conservatives of 2003. Here is Matthew's previous entry on Robertson and the Liberia issue.

    Radley Balko, who himself has long been criticizing much of the interventionist foreign policies of the Bush administration, had also been criticizing Robertson for some time, and when this Liberia issue came up, he did so again. And when some conservatives took offense when Andrew Sullivan called Robertson a "darling" of social conservatives, Radley pointed out that web searches can easily reveal what major social conservatives have said before - that they have defended Rev. Robertson's controversial positions and statements in the past (on other issues).

    I am one of the conservatives who did not defend Rev. Robertson very much in the past (I never addressed those issues in my weblog, and only mentioned him once), but defending Pat is [somewhat] what I am going to do right now.


    Rev. Robertson, Charles Taylor, and Gold-Mining

    Rev. Pat Robertson was under attack from many of the Bush supporters (and others) in the Blogosphere for firmly opposing the Bush administration's demand that Liberian President Charles Taylor immediately remove himself from power. Many of them pointed out that that Rev. Robertson has financial interests in Liberia, and pointed to articles like this one by Ted Olsen at the Christianity Today weblog, which links to many articles about Robertson's gold mining operation in that country, in which the he had paid $8 million to establish "Freedom Gold Limited."

    The claim that is being made by many bloggers, columnists, and others is that Robertson's business interests were causing him to express support for the now-former Liberian President. Many of these people who are saying this are supporters of the Bush administration... Probably the same people who take offense at, and attempt to ridicule, claims being made about Dick Cheney, Halliburton, & Iraq, and the Bush family & the Saudis. Hmmm....

    Rev. Robertson, however, claims that his mining venture and dealings in Liberia were intended for humanitarian and evangelical purposes in that troubled nation. Freedom Gold's chief geologist in Liberia was Prof. Alexei P. Sokolov, a member of the prestigious Russian Academy of Sciences, and the company has hired many Liberians, investing a great deal of money in a country that is very poor, and in which the people have been suffering through two decades of civil wars.

    Pat is a man of enormous political and polemical courage. He has taken bold positions in the past, and in many instances, he has had the courage to stand up to the expansionist, globalist agenda of the welfare-warfare state, with regards to intervention overseas, and the erosion of privacy and individual rights domestically. More of that will be explained later in this entry (when I update it), but regarding the Liberia issue, here are Rev. Robertson's own writings on this matter:

    - A Clarification on Pat's Position on Liberia and Charles Taylor, July 16, 2003
    - Response to Colbert King's allegations regarding mining venture, Letter to the Editor, Washington Post
    - Response to "factual errors and unalloyed bigotry" in Fortune Magazine article, June 5, 2002
    - Pat Robertson Protests Actions in Liberia, Letter to Colin Powell, June 6, 2002

    Note: I want to make clear that I do not know enough about this situation to take a position - one way or another - regarding what Rev. Robertson was doing with regards to his dealings and business in Liberia. I do not know enough about this situation to be able to judge his activities in this matter.

    However, I doubt that many of those bloggers who criticized his statements about Liberia this past summer, and who suggested that his business dealings were causing him to make these seemingly-bizarre statements about Liberia and Charles Taylor, had studied this situation either. And it's funny how many of these same people who are so willing to jump to conclusions when Rev. Robertson speaks out against President Bush's actions would likely be the same ones who would cringe when people claim that the personal business dealings of Dick Cheney and George W. Bush (in connection with Iraq and Saudi Arabia) had something to do with our policies towards those countries.

    Also, not one of the bloggers who I noticed had criticized Robertson for his statements on Liberia, and who claimed that the Reverend's business dealings could be causing him to make these claims, mentioned Robertson's rebuttals to those accusations (listed above), or addressed those polemics, or mentioned the possibility that his dealings with respect to Liberia could be legitimate, and that his statements about that situation could have merit.

    Rev. Robertson has never visited Liberia, or had any meetings with its now-former president, Charles Taylor. He opposed the call for immediate government change in that country, because he believed that would create additional chaos for that war-torn region. Robertson has this question for the State Department:
    "If you are successful in taking down the government of Charles Taylor, what plan do you have to establish stability in Liberia, the rule of law, free elections, and representative government? What appropriation has been made by the United States Congress to back up the actions that you have taken to bring down the freely elected government of a sovereign and friendly nation?"

    Robertson also pointed out that the U.S. State Department, in 1996, called for the removal of President Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire. Once Mobutu fell, the new president became Laurent Kabila, a Marxist tyrant, and a civil war resulted. Over two million people were killed.


    This is one thing that those who are continuously beating the drums for 'regime change' in foreign countries do not seem to understand. In many cases where intervention (military or non-military) occurs in order to remove foreign leaders from power, unintended consequences result. Just like with the biosphere ecosystem, the international ecosystem is very delicate, and removing one 'species of animal' from an ecosystem, while that may seem like a positive change, can end up having adverse repercussions and side effects, which lead to the emergence of new threats, and to the creation of new nightmares, sometimes making things worse than they were before.

    Like with many countries, the internal situations of Liberia - and many other African nations - are extremely complex, and interventionists are often all too willing to over-simplify and compartmentalize multi-faceted and complicated situations. But real-world situations often cannot be thought of in terms of black and white - there are so many different factors (social, political, economic, historical, religious, etc.) that comprise a conflict within a nation, and it is often difficult for those of us who are here in the U.S. to comprehend these complexities.

    With the situation in Liberia, there have been a lot of questions that have needed to be answered, and a lot of things that we do not know. Like with Iraq, and other places in which our government has chosen to intervene, we do not know how things are going to turn out there, in the near and distant future.


    Coming up: A few possible reasons that some pro-war, pro-Bush bloggers and commentators are so angry at Rev. Robertson.


    Update: I have just found out that the first major American financial beneficiary of the fall of Mobutu's Zaire government was American Mineral Fields, a small mining company that just so happened to be headquarted in a tiny town called Hope, Arkansas. If the name of that town sounds familiar, it should.

    Hmmm.... Does the term "double standard" come to mind?